physical therapy for back

Physical therapy is the process of manipulating, stretching and strengthening the body under a practitioner’s care. In general, the goals of back pain exercises and physical therapy are to decrease back pain, increase function, and provide education on a maintenance program to prevent further recurrences.

Physical therapy can also include external treatments to reduce pain, such as applying heat and ice, using ultrasound or iontophoresis, or using targeted electrical stimulation, such as TENS.

In addition to passive therapies, active physical therapy (exercise) is also necessary to rehabilitate the spine. Generally, a patient’s back exercise program should encompass a combination of stretching, strengthening and low-impact aerobic conditioning.

Even patients with a very busy schedule should be able to maintain a moderate back pain exercise regimen that encompasses stretching, strengthening, and aerobic conditioning. These exercises suffice as physical therapy for back pain relief.

  • Back pain that has persisted for longer than two weeks generally benefits from physical therapy
  • Almost every individual who has suffered from low back pain should stretch their hamstring muscles once or twice daily
  • To strengthen the back muscles, 15-20 minutes of dynamic lumbar stabilization or other prescribed exercises should be done every other day.
  • Low impact aerobics (such as walking, bicycling or swimming) should be done for 30-40 minutes three times weekly, on alternate days from the strengthening exercises.